How to Charge Two 12 Volt Batteries In Series?

Do you know the percentage of people who dispose of their batteries weekly based on the fact that they can’t charge the batteries in series themselves? It is alarmingly high! A lot of people complain of inadequate knowledge of how to charge the batteries themselves some others complain of the complex process involved. This article sets out to educate you on how to charge two 12 volt batteries in series by employing the simplest of steps and language. Do you really want to get the best productivity out of your battery pack? If yes, then this is the article you need to read.

Things Required for Charging Two 12 Volt Batteries In Series

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    Jumper cables: These are the cables used to connect all the batteries together and they usually come in two colors which are usually red and black. The red is usually used for the positive battery terminal while the black for the negative battery terminal.
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    Battery Charger (12 Volt Charger): This is the gadget that would actually charge the batteries. It is usually connected to an electrical outlet where it would derive its energy to charge the two batteries. The Battery Charger regulates the power that flows into the batteries while charging.
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    Battery Charger Clip: These are two clips place at the end of the end of the battery charger cables. They are used to connect the batteries to the battery charger and to hold the connection firmly. It is the essential tools in the process of charging batteries in series.
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    Manuals of the Batteries: These are books that come along with the batteries. It usually carries details of the batteries ranging from it manufacturer, specification, usage, recommended charging voltage, etc
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    Extension Cable: This is not very important. It is actually not advisable but where it can't be dispensed with, you should get a strong one with three prolonged adapters.
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    Safety Glasses: This is purely for the safety of the person charging the batteries and it is only used to prevent the person charging the batteries not to get his eyes damaged in the process of charging.

How to Charge Two 12 Volt Batteries In Series?

Charge Two 12 Volt Batteries In Series

STEP 1: Read specification of your batteries

You need to be certain that your 12 volts batteries are actually 12 volts before you start charging hence the very first thing to do before charging your batteries is to read up on the exact specification of your batteries, it is usually placed on the sides of the batteries but it could be placed anywhere. The information box would normally show the amperage and the voltage requirements of the batteries. Once you confirm that your batteries are actually 12 volts then you can proceed to step two.

STEP 2: Arrange the two batteries in the same direction

The next line of action is to arrange the two 12 volts batteries to be charged in the same direction. This is important when charging your two 12 volts batteries in series, it is usually so arranged for ease of connection. The batteries can be placed side by side with both batteries facing similar direction, as it allows for efficient and easy connection of cables.

STEP 3: Identify the positive and negative terminals of the batteries

Here, you will identify the negative and positive terminals of the two 12 volt batteries. This is important to prevent damaging your batteries. Connecting the wrong terminals together will certainly not help your battery but make it susceptible to being damaged. Identifying the positive and negative terminals of your batteries are very easy, you just need to check the two terminals for the inscription of either POS, P, or + which all means positive terminal. For the negative terminal, check for NEG, N, or -. The implication of this is that any of the terminals you find either “POS” or “P” or “+” is the positive terminal and where you find either “NEG” or “N” “-“is the negative terminal.

STEP 4: Connect the batteries together

Here, using the knowledge of knowing the negative and positive terminals, making use of the jumper cables, you will connect the two 12 volt batteries together by using the battery cables to connect the negative terminal of battery A to the positive terminal battery of B. Note ensure the two batteries are properly connected.

STEP 5: Connect the charger clip

At this step, you will connect the charger clip to the battery by clipping the negative charger clip to the negative terminal of battery B and the positive charger clip to the positive terminal of battery A. Ensure that the charger clip is properly clipped to the terminals to avoid it shaking or pulling off during charging.

STEP 6: Place the charger as far from the battery cables as it allows

After connecting the charger to the batteries, for safety, you must ensure that the battery charger is placed at the farthest distanced allowed by the cables away from the batteries. Placing the charger away from the batteries would help to limit the chances of damage to any or all the batteries from any airborne sulfuric acid vapor. It is important to note that at no point before charging, during charging or after charging should the charger be placed directly above or directly beneath the batteries.

STEP 7: Set the Charger to deliver the correct voltage

When batteries are connected together in series, the volts of the batteries becomes the addition of all the batteries while the amperage remains constant. So, connecting two 12 volt batteries in series makes the output of the two 12 volt batteries to become 24 volts and would require 24 volts to charge efficiently and effectively. It is pertinent to regulate your battery charger to deliver to your two 12 volts batteries 24 volts. This is very simple to do as all you have to do is to adjust the voltage output selector on the battery charger to 24 volts. The voltage output selector of the battery charger is most times placed conspicuously at the front of the battery charger, you can't miss it. 

STEP 8: Switch on the charger

At this stage, you are ready to start charging your batteries, all you have to do is connect your battery charger to an electrical outlet. Also, ensure that the medium of connecting the battery charger to electricity is a fortified one with a three prolonged cord. Use of adapter and extension cord should be avoided due to the fact that the type of current flowing through the battery charger are enormous that they can easily burn the adapter and extension cord.

STEP 9: Leave the battery to charge

This is the point where you allow the batteries to charge by leaving them till they are fully charged. You can decide to stop charging the batteries once the manufacturers specified charging time has been met or you could just simply be on the lookout for the charge indicator on the battery charger which tells when the battery is fully charged.

STEP 10: When fully charged

At this point, your batteries are fully charged and are ready for use but wait, don’t just pull any cable from the batteries, you need to unplug the cables from the batteries systematically. First, you switch off the battery charger then you remove the battery charger negative cable first followed by the battery charger positive cable then you can remove other cables. And your batteries are ready for use again.

Precautions to Take During Charging

  • Ensure that no metal or metal tool comes in contact with the battery terminals simultaneously as this can cause sparks which can, in turn, damage your batteries.
  • Before beginning the process of charging your batteries in series, ensure that all rings, bracelets, wristwatches, chains or any other metallic item on your body is removed from your body. Any metal on your body could create a short circuit and thus melt down the metal item leaving you with severe burns.
  • In the process of charging, if it is noticed that the battery is overheating you are advised to stop charging the batteries and wait till it cools off before you continue charging the batteries again.
  • Also, it should be noted that high level of current from the battery charger will charge the batteries but it is highly discouraged as it will overheat the batteries and in turn damage the batteries. You are highly advised never to exceed the recommended charging rate of the batteries.

Conclusion

Charging your two 12 volt batteries in series is not just like charging your phone batteries, they entail a few complex processes which have been explained above. You should also follow the steps above to safeguard your batteries and to get efficient productive from your batteries.

Feel free to pass your comment on this tutorial and save your loved ones the stress and hassle of damaging their batteries and having to replace them only on the basis that they can’t properly charge the batteries.

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